Saturday, March 15, 2014

More work of the Sudanese team at El Kurru

The Sudanese team working at El Kurru is directed by Prof. Abbas Sidahmed Mohamed-Ali, with Prof. Jamaal Karfis of the University of Dongola at Karima (pictured here) as field director. We have had a chance to become good friends during this field season. The Karima team is continuing to clean and restore the dramatic tombs of the kings and queens of Kush who also ruled Egypt as its 25th Dynasty.

In this photo, Prof. Jamaal is standing in the tomb of Queen Khensa. At El Kurru, a group of the major 25th Dynasty queens was buried in a cluster to the south of the royal cemetery (another group of probably less-major queens was buried in a cluster to the north).

Khensa was a daughter of king Kashta (whose name means “the Kushite”). Kashta was also father of king Piye (Piankhy), who was the first king of Kush to campaign far into Egypt. And Khensa was the wife of Piye, her brother (or half-brother), which was a common practice in the royal family of Kush.

I have my own connection to Queen Khensa. In an earlier excavation in the 4th Cataract region of Sudan, about 50 km upstream from El Kurru, we found a clay seal for an ancient jar that was impressed with the royal seal of Khensa. We found it on a gold-mining site that we were excavating, and it seems to suggest that the queen herself was involved in supervising extraction of gold from that region.


  1. Hi Geoff. I am happy that you follow our work and write about in this blog for all those interested. I'm honored to be friends with you.

  2. I feel very glad to see the recent excavation on the site of alkurru continuous what start by Reizner a century a go I wish both of you the best.

  3. Question, are many of the tombs Mr. Karfis and his team restoring has hieroglyphic inscriptions similar to the tomb of Tanwetamani and his mother Qalhata? and if there are inscription there which branch of the Egyptian language was utilize during that time period? As i understand it, the Egyptian language went through a few changes over the century prior to the time period you are excavating?

  4. Only those tombs have preserved inscriptions, but there are a number of other stelae with hieroglyphic Egyptian inscriptions from this period (the Napatan period). These inscriptions form a distinct dialect that has been called "Napatan".